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What is silk:

Silk is an animal fiber, obtained from moth caterpillars. Silk is a luxury fiber, referred to as the “queen of fabrics.” Silk is the only existing natural filament fiber and it is soft, shiny, smooth to the touch and expensive. For instance, Mulberry silk is one of the most expensive fabrics in the world, reaching approximately 100 dollars per yard.

The story of silk:

The production of silk originates from China. This beautiful textile has been around for at least 5000 years. Legend gives credit for the development of silk to the Chinese Empress, Hsi Ling Shi (wife of the Yellow Emperor). One day the Empress sat under a mulberry tree and noticed a silkworm cocoon hanging from the tree. Fascinated by the smooth texture of the cocoon, the Empress learned how to make the fabric by spinning the silk. During the Han Dynasty, silk was very popular, and it became a currency that was traded.

Warnings: Be Mindful

To obtain the long silk filament, the cocoons are boiled and as a result, the chrysalis in their interior die. This procedure raises concerns over animal welfare concerns. More sustainable options are wild (tussah) silk, ahimsa silk, and organic silk.

Characteristics of silk

It is smooth and when worn it has a graceful flow. It is one of the strongest natural fibers. It is a bad conductor of heat. It easily gathers static electricity. It absorbs and releases moisture quickly. It is very delicate (sweat and continuous exposure to sunlight weaken it). Gets dirty and dusty easily. Gets dyed easily. Over time, it tends to shrink. Does not wrinkle. 

How to wash?

Can be hand washed with small amounts of soap or dry clean, cannot be bleached, can only be air-dried and it can be ironed but at low heat inside out.

Some printing techniques you can use:

Digital Printing: A process that applies small drops of color through print heads onto a fabric. Screen Printing: Screen printing involves pressing the paint through a printing screen made of nylon mesh.  DTG: Involves the application of print and pattern directly on the garment.

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Santomauro Designs


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